Category Archives: Article

60+ books that ought to be in every Christian’s library

[Original Article]

By Eric Johnson

Check out the following Viewpoint on Mormonism podcasts:

Non LDS Witnessing Resources  November 11, 2011

Witnessing Resources  September 2, 2011  (Series of articles)

• LDS Resources Part 1   Part 2  August 5, 12, 2011  (Article)

Links throughout this article go to, an excellent place to buy books at a low cost, with free shipping for orders over $35. Or if you have Prime, shipping is free. We have included links directly to Amazon throughout the article (without pictures of the books) so you can get more information about each book. This prevents us from cluttering up this article too much. If you decide to order any of these books, please add any of your selection to your cart directly from our link you clicked on this article and MRM will receive a little bit of credit with Amazon! Thank you!


Occasionally I am asked which books I recommend for the Christian who is interested in doing apologetics. Owning your faith is important, for sure, and certainly all serious apologetic endeavors ought to start with the Bible itself. However, with just a few dozen books as a foundation, every layperson can be “thoroughly equipped unto every good work.”

Allow me to include a limited selection from my library as well as give few short sentences explaining why I recommend each one.


First of all, everyone needs a good copy of the Bible. There are a number of good translations out there. Among some of my favorite versions are The New International Version, the English Standard Version, and the New Living Translation. You may want to consider a Bible that has good notes and articles. There are a number of them out there, including one that I contributed articles as well as the “Twisted Scripture” entries called the Apologetics Study Bible for Students (paper, hardcover, tan imitation leather and blue imitation leather).

Before buying a Bible, check out the different translations—a good place to go is here.  I’d also recommend going to a quality Bible bookstore (Lifeway Books is a good place) so you can get a feel for the Bible in your hands and see what each one offers–there are just so many choices of the world’s most published and read book!

If you would like to be able to see eight different New Testament translations on the same two pages, then I recommend

The Contemporary Parallel New Testament: 8 Translations: King James, New American Standard, New Century, Contemporary English, New International, New Living, New King James, The Message

Sometimes reading different translations than what we’re used to can help make a passage become more understandable.

In apologetics, the reliability of the biblical manuscripts are often attacked, especially the gospels and the New Testament itself. Thus, allow me to give a couple of resources that would be good to consider.

The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable? Paperback

 by F.F. Bruce is a classic on the topic and is generally very readable for the layperson. Another one that is well done is

Historical Reliability of the Gospels

by Craig Blomberg. Together these books should be considered two of the best single-volume resources on the topic.

Because particular passages often come under scrutiny, I recommend having several resources available to use as resources.  First,

 The Big Book of Bible Difficulties: Clear and Concise Answers from Genesis to Revelation Paperback

by Norman Geisler and Thomas Howe is perfect. Common verses that are called “contradictions” and considered by skeptics to be major problems for the Christian are listed in the same order as the Bible. (This was first published asWhen Critics Ask, the version I have on my shelf.)

Another excellent resource is Gleason Archer’s

New International Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties Hardcover. 

A third resource is

Hard Sayings of the Bible Paperback

 by Walter C. Kaiser Jr, Peter H. Davids, F. F. Bruce (Author), and Manfred Brauch. Generally the articles in this book are longer and more detailed. Having all three of these resources will prove to be handy when confronted with a difficult-to-understand passage by the skeptic or cultist.

And for a book aimed at the specific verses used by those in the cults, I suggest

Correcting the Cults: Expert Responses to Their Scripture Twisting Paperback

by Norman Geisler and Ron Rhodes. Learning how to interpret the Bible is also vital. If there is only one book that would help the layperson better understand “prolegomena,” “hermeneutics” or “biblical interpretation” is

How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth Paperback – Deluxe Edition

by Gordon D. Fee and Douglas Stuart. It talks about the different biblical genres and explains the right (vs. the wrong) way to do Bible learning.


I think it’s important to have a few reference tools to help the believer study the Bible. Of course, commentaries are wonderful, though it is prohibitively expensive for a person to own individual books for every book of the Bible. When you are in a specific Bible study, I recommend purchasing these by qualified Evangelical scholars to help you dig deeper into a passage. Don’t rely on this first and certainly not alone; use it after you’ve done your own study. Because I’m trying to keep this article as simple as possible, I won’t provide specific recommendations, but go to any Evangelical Christian bookstore and they should be able to assist you.

Although many laypeople do not have access to look at the biblical languages, I recommend

Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words: With Topical Index

having on hand. This book, available from Amazon for under $20, will be beneficial when a specific word’s nuance needs to be understood.

Another classic is

New Strong’s Exhautive Concordance (Super Value Series)


by James Strong. Like Vine’s, this has been reprinted at under $20, an incredible deal for the resource. Granted, many laypeople may not spend very much time with the resources, but they come in handy in Bible study and ought to belong to every Christian’s library.

I like

Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary: Completely Revised and Updated Edition



) edited by Ronald Youngblood (who was my professor in seminary at Bethel Seminary San Diego, and with whom my wife and I traveled to the Holy Land in 1990). Written in an encyclopedic manner, this book contains short articles on a variety of topics and comes in handy when an unfamiliar name or word come up.

For those who like more detailed articles, I recommend the downloadable version (4 volumes) of the,

Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE)

edited by Orr. These articles are more in-depth than a Bible dictionary. Although the 4-volume set is no longer published and used copies will set you back $100+, it has been taken to an electronic form and is available for $5, though this version does not include maps or illustrations.

Everyone should have access to Bible charts and maps, and one of my favorites is

Holman Book of Biblical Charts, Maps, and Reconstructions.


There are also a number of pictures of what the insides of the tabernacle, temple, and other historical buildings would have looked like, with cut-away views. Nice.

Another nice resource is

Nelson’s Complete Book of Bible Maps and Charts, 3rd Edition


It covers the entire Bible book by book.

Probably most colorful of all is

Rose Book of Bible Charts, Maps, and Time Lines


Very appealing layout in this book makes it a nice resource to own.


For an overview of this topic,

Handbook of Christian Apologetics



by Peter Kreeft and Ronald Tacelli is a good place to start. I especially like the section in the book dealing with 20 evidences for the existence of God.

Two books by William Lane Craig are very worthwhile. Craig, who has two Ph.D. degrees and is a skilled debater—especially with atheists—has written related books on defending the faith, including

On Guard: Defending Your Faith with Reason and Precision 



), which is written in a format that every Christian ought to be able to understand. Craig does a good job taking lofty ideas and simplifying it for this book. There is also

On Guard Study Guide.

He also wrote

Reasonable Faith: Christian Truth and Apologetics





), which some laypeople will find a little more difficult to follow but it’s well worth the time and effort. There is also a

Reasonable Faith Study Guide

, which I recommend for group study. Again, Craig does his best to simplify some pretty heady arguments to explain why Christianity makes great sense.

The Reason for God: Belief in an Age of Skepticism is well done, a favorite of Bill McKeever’s.  If you want the DVD and discussion guide, use this link.

If you are dealing with atheism, another recommended volume is

I Don’t Have Enough Faith to Be an Atheist 




by Norman Geisler and Frank Turek. This book might be a little simpler to understand than Craig’s works yet it still packs a powerful punch. There is also

I Don’t Have Enough Faith to Be an Atheist Curriculum 


The Official Study Guide to I Don’t Have Enough Faith to Be an Atheist



). If that’s not enough, just get everything here:

I Don’t Have Enough Faith to Be an Atheist Curriculum Complete Set.


With material like this, it’s a wonder anyone can remain an atheist!

It’s just been revised, and I think

When Skeptics Ask: A Handbook on Christian Evidences


by Norman Geisler and Ron Brooks is definitely worth a read. It deals with specific issues that are common atheistic attacks on God.

It hasn’t been around for long, but former journalist/atheist Lee Strobel’s

The Case for Christ: A Journalist’s Personal Investigation of the Evidence for Jesus (Case for … Series) 



) is excellent for giving to skeptics, as the author interviews some big names to determine the historicity of the Bible and the very person of Jesus Christ. For teens, I recommend

The Case for Christ: A Journalist’s Personal Investigation of the Evidence for Jesus (Student Edition) 


Case for Christ for Kids (Case for… Series for Kids).

A six-pack collection at a reduced price is also available, which can be used to hand out in your evangelism efforts.

Strobel also wrote

The Case for Faith: A Journalist Investigates the Toughest Objections to Christianity (Case for … Series)




). Along with The Case for Christ, Strobel offers as simple of an apologetic view on Christianity that there are available, again using interviews with big-name scholars to provide his case. You can buy these books in 6-packs, which I do and use as giveaways with friends and neighbors. These are the kinds of books you want co-workers and others to read, whether or not they have a Christian faith. Just like the previous book, this is available in

Case for Faith–Student Edition, The


Case for Faith for Kids (Case for… Series for Kids)

. Finally, there is

The Lee Strobel 3-Disc Film Collection: The Case for Christ, The Case for Faith, The Case for Creation

on DVD for under $20, well worth the price to educate your family and church.

A newer resource written in this same style is

Cold-Case Christianity: A Homicide Detective Investigates the Claims of the Gospels 



) written by my friend J. Warner Wallace. Wallace, a former police detective, writes in a very intriguing style explaining how he (a former atheist himself) came to the Christian faith based on the readily available evidence.

Many atheists think that the chink in the believer’s armor is the God of the Old Testament who seems so mean and judgmental. Hence, while it will be a difficult read for some, I think Paul Copan did an excellent job in

Is God a Moral Monster?: Making Sense of the Old Testament God 



). Here Copan shows that the God of the Old Testament is the same as the New Testament God, so if you have skeptic friends who bring this topic up, then you need to read it.

For apologetic tactics, there is no better book than Greg Koukl’s (Stand to Reason)

Tactics: A Game Plan for Discussing Your Christian Convictions




Koukl is a master at the Socratic method, as this book will teach you how to have an intelligent conversation without resorted to yelling and screaming.

Although it is no longer printed by Baker but I recommend

Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics (Baker Reference Library)


Feel free to read it from cover to cover of this 800+ page book, but this 2-column resource will be beneficial to you for the rest of your life.


There can be no greater endeavor than to get to better know God. A person who takes 2 Timothy 2:15 seriously (“study to show thyself approved unto God, a workman who needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth”) will want to consider books written by some godly folks. And probably nobody does it better than A.W. Tozer. For example,

The Knowledge of the Holy Paperback

describes the different attributes of God, with short chapters. A two-volume set I like is

The Attributes of God Volume 1 and Volume 2

. I have led studies with these books with former Latter-day Saints and they have devoured both volumes.

No issue is more important than the Trinity, which skeptics and atheists like to disparage. It is a complex topic but ought to be studied by every Christian. Thus, I’d have

The Forgotten Trinity

by James White on my shelf, as the author explains biblical reasons why he “loves” the Trinity. It’s not as popular as White’s, but Cal Beisner’s

God in Three Persons: Paperback

is smaller and probably easier to read than White, and so I recommend it as well.

We should also have a firm grip on who Jesus really is, so you ought to consider adding

Putting Jesus in His Place: The Case for the Deity of Christ Paperback

by Robert M. Bowman and J. Ed Komoszewski to your library. In addition, my friend Mark Strauss wrote a very readable text on the gospels’ united accounts of Christ titled

Four Portraits, One Jesus: A Survey of Jesus and the Gospels Hardcover.

Understanding the person of Christ will help the believer spot error when the character of our Savior is painted with heretical strokes.


Understanding the nuances of Christian doctrine is something that should be emphasized . Depending on your denominational background, you may want to be careful here because different theologians have a variety of emphases (i.e. dispensational, charismatic, reformed, etc). Thus, unless you’re interested in looking at what others have to say, I’d purchase these books very carefully and with discernment.

I graduated from a Baptist General Conference seminary, which meant I studied Millard Erickson’s Systematic Theology, a very large volume. It has been condensed into one more suitable for laypeople called


Christian Doctrine (2nd Edition) Hardcover

. While there will always be places to quibble and debate, I think Erickson is a great place to start. A classic systematic theology text is Wayne Grudem’s

Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine Hardcover.

I must admit, I have not read this volume, but Grudem is well respected from the charismatic camp and I have only heard good things about the book. Again, one must understand the writer’s presuppositions and then take everything into account. There are essentials in Christian doctrine (i.e. the nature of God, the deity of Jesus, the role of salvation, etc) and then there are peripheral issues as well. I recommend that you talk with your pastor to see which volumes he might recommend.

When it comes to doctrine, we should understand some history. Thus, I would suggest picking up

The History of Christian Doctrine

by Louis Berkhof.  J.N.D. Kelly wrote

Early Christian Doctrines: Revised Edition Paperback

that hasn’t been revised since it was first printed in 1978, with a bright yellow cover and all. That tells you something when the publisher has not revised a product: if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it. And to get into some more history, the hardcover edition of


by Harold O.J. Brown is highly recommended. You’ll have to like history to enjoy this volume, but you will quickly see that there is very little new under the sun.

Applying theology must also be considered, so let me add one title that made me think about my Christian worldview.

How Now Shall We Live? Paperback

was written by Charles Colson and Nancy Pearcey, an excellent starter volume for integrating our theology into our practical living and utilizing critical thinking skills.


In my last section, let me provide a few favorites. For world religions, I think Dean Halverson did a great job summarizing the major faiths in the world in

The Compact Guide to World Religions Paperback.

Even if you have little background understanding of these religions, I think this is a great start.

A valuable charts book was compiled by H. Wayne House titled

Charts of World Religions (ZondervanCharts) Paperback


One for the cults was also done called

Charts of Cults, Sects, and Religious Movements Paperback. 

There are a number of good books aimed as specific religions and cults. For Islam, I like

Answering Islam: The Crescent in Light of the Cross Paperback

by Norman Geisler and Abdul Saleeb.

Although I haven’t read them all, what I’ve seen of Michael Brown’s 4-volume set on Judaism titled

Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus

is very thorough. I don’t have that much interaction with those of the Jewish persuasion, but this could be a handy set to have on hand.

Vol. 1Vol. 2, Vol. 3, and Vol. 4.

For Jehovah’s Witnesses, Ron Rhodes does a great job in

Reasoning from the Scriptures with the Jehovah’s Witnesses Paperback

It’s out of print, but you can get a used copies of Robert Bowman’s

Why You Should Believe in the Trinity: An Answer to Jehovah’s Witnesses Paperback


The Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jesus Christ, and the Gospel of John Paperback

As far as Mormonism is concerned, there are books published by the church that are important for ready-reference. For example, the current manual from the “Teachings of Presidents of the Church” ought to be included. In 2014, the men and women are covering teachings from tenth president Joseph Fielding Smith, which is free on Kindle. Another book that is valuable is the 2009 version of

Gospel Principles

, with is only a few dollars.  This manual is often used with newer converts. And

True to the Faith

is a dictionary-like reference that will define terms in a few sentences or paragraph.

Books written by LDS leaders or scholars ought to also be considered. For example,

The Miracle of Forgiveness Paperback

by Spencer W. Kimball is on the top of my list.   Check out our website on this book  to get a better understanding about on the issue of salvation and “forgiveness,” and let it be know that the book is not only sold in Deseret bookstores but it has been commended (and recommended) in recent years by an apostle and two seventies.

To get a better view of Joseph Smith, Richard Lyman Bushman, a Latter-day Saint, wrote a pretty accurate biography of Joseph Smith titled

Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling Paperback.

This will help you get a better understanding of what this man was all about. To see about his polygamous ways, consider

In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith Hardcover,

as Mormon scholar Todd Compton gives details about Joseph Smith’s 34 wives.Some of it will (or, at least should) shock you. Another book on polygamy that I think is worth a read is Richard Van Wagoner’s

Mormon Polygamy: A History Paperback.

A book not about Joseph but rather his wife Emma really, for all intents and purposes, ended up being a book about the founder. Mormons Linda King Newell and Valeen Tippetts Avery wrote

Mormon Enigma: Emma Hale Smith

that is brutally honest regarding Joseph’s philanderous ways. As my friend Bill likes to say, any man who is willing to lie to his wife is willing to lie to just about anyone. (See the review



Grant Palmer, who has been disfellowshipped by the LDS Church, wrote the intriguing

An Insider’s View of Mormon Origins Paperback

and details some problems with Smith and the very origins of this religion.  Charles Harrell is a professor at Brigham Young University, and while I certainly disagree with many of his conclusions in his book

This Is My Doctrine: The Development of Mormon Theology Hardcover

, there are a number of places where he admits that certain LDS doctrines have little to no support in the Bible.

As far as Christian books on the topic of Mormonism, I would be remiss if I didn’t recommend Bill McKeever’s and my books on the subject.

Mormonism 101: Examining the Religion of the Latter-day Saints

and available in


is a great overview of the Mormon religion as the doctrines are contrasted with biblical Christianity. In addition, our newest book (2013) is an excellent tool for those having conversations with Mormons. It’s titled

Answering Mormons’ Questions: Ready Responses for Inquiring Latter-day Saints

. Bill also compiled quotes from Mormon scriptures and leaders titled

In Their Own Words: A Collection of Mormon Quotations

, which is in book form as well as PDF with a search engine. This is written like an encyclopedia, with the quotes put together according to their topic. To order the PDF version, go to our website.

Richard Abanes wrote

One Nation Under Gods: A History of the Mormon Church 

that provides a well-rounded history of the LDS Church.  See the review of this book here. Another good overview of LDS history, doctrines, and claims is Edmond Gruss and Lane Thuet’s What Every Mormon (and Non-Mormon) Should KnowThe authors are very precise with their details and it’s worth the time to consume this information. For a review, see here.

Joseph Smith and the Origins of the Book of Mormon (2nd Edition)

, also in


, shows clearly why Joseph Smith could not have received the Book of Mormon through divine means. See the review here.

Finally, Lynn K. Wilder—the mother of the boys who founded the band called Adam’s Road—wrote a book that laypeople enjoy called

Unveiling Grace: The Story of How We Found Our Way out of the Mormon Church

and also in


. What is good about this book is that she is able to provide a background of LDS teachings in a way that doesn’t make you think you’re reading a doctrinal text. See a review of the book here.

So there you have it, even without the large choice of Bibles, here are more than 60 books that I have recommended for the library of every Christian interested in apologetics. To buy all of them at once would be prohibitive for most bank accounts, so may I recommend that someone who is interested in these books merely budget $20 a month, which would buy about one volume. If you did this over five years, you would own just about every one of these books and have a base upon which you can build a quality library envied by Christian apologists everywhere! If you decide to buy on Amazon, please use the links in this article and MRM will receive a small commission from Amazon.


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Select Committee on Benghazi Releases Proposed Report

File Location

While it is not my intention to turn this blog into any political platform, how can anyone in the Christian community ever believe that they can ever make a difference without ever harnessing the facts. While I believe the Benghazi attack is a pivotal point with respect to the Democratic presumptive nominee, you must choose carefully with both of your eyes open! As an American citizen, you should desire these kinds of reports. I disagree with the Democratic committee members  by not participating more openly & candidly; there are also certain aspects that I disagree with on the part of the Republican committee members, as well. Read this with an open mind and heart.

Godspeed & Good Reads!

Doc Murf


81 New Witnesses, 75,000 New Pages of Documents Reveal Significant New Information,

Fundamentally Changes the Public’s Understanding of the 2012 Terrorist Attacks that Killed Four Americans

Washington, D.C. – Select Committee on Benghazi Chairman Trey Gowdy (SC-04) released the following statement after the committee’s Majority released a mark of its investigative report:

“Chris Stevens, Sean Smith, Glen Doherty and Tyrone Woods were heroes who gave their lives in service to our country. Their bravery and the courageous actions of so many others on the ground that night should be honored.

“When the Select Committee was formed, I promised to conduct this investigation in a manner worthy of the American people’s respect, and worthy of the memory of those who died. That is exactly what my colleagues and I have done.

“Now, I simply ask the American people to read this report for themselves, look at the evidence we have collected, and reach their own conclusions. You can read this report in less time than our fellow citizens were taking fire and fighting for their lives on the rooftops and in the streets of Benghazi.”

The committee’s proposed report is just over 800 pages long and is comprised of five primary sections and 12 appendices. It details relevant events in 2011 and 2012.

The following facts are among the many new revelations in Part I:

  • Despite President Obama and Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta’s clear orders to deploy military assets, nothing was sent to Benghazi, and nothing was en route to Libya at the time the last two Americans were killed almost 8 hours after the attacks began. [pg. 141]
  • With Ambassador Stevens missing, the White House convened a roughly two-hour meeting at 7:30 PM, which resulted in action items focused on a YouTube video, and others containing the phrases “[i]f any deployment is made,” and “Libya must agree to any deployment,” and “[w]ill not deploy until order comes to go to either Tripoli or Benghazi.” [pg. 115]
  • The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff typically would have participated in the White House meeting, but did not attend because he went home to host a dinner party for foreign dignitaries. [pg. 107]
  • A Fleet Antiterrorism Security Team (FAST) sat on a plane in Rota, Spain, for three hours, and changed in and out of their uniforms four times. [pg. 154]
  • None of the relevant military forces met their required deployment timelines. [pg. 150]
  • The Libyan forces that evacuated Americans from the CIA Annex to the Benghazi airport was not affiliated with any of the militias the CIA or State Department had developed a relationship with during the prior 18 months. Instead, it was comprised of former Qadhafi loyalists who the U.S. had helped remove from power during the Libyan revolution. [pg. 144]

Report of the Select Committee on
the Events Surrounding the 2012
Terrorist Attack in Benghazi



Terrorist Attacks on U.S. Facilities in Benghazi

Internal and Public Government Communications about the Terrorist

Attacks in Benghazi

III. Events Leading to the Terrorist Attacks in Benghazi

Compliance with Congressional Investigations


Appendix A: Resolution Establishing the Select Committee on the

Events Surrounding the 2012 Terrorist Attack in Benghazi

Appendix B: Significant Persons and Organizations

Appendix C: Questions for the President

Appendix D: Significant Events in Libya Prior to the Attacks

Appendix E: Security Incidents in Libya

Appendix F: Deterioration of Benghazi Mission Compound Security

Appendix G: Timelines of the Attacks

Appendix H: The September 12 Situation Report and the President’s

Daily Brief

Appendix I: Witness Interview Summaries

Appendix J: Requests and Subpoenas for Documents

Appendix K: Analysis of Accountability Review Board, House Armed

Services Committee and House Permanent Select Intelligence Committee


Appendix L: Glen A. Doherty, Sean P. Smith, J. Christopher Stevens,

and Tyrone S. Woods

Additional Views by Rep. Jordan and Rep. Pompeo

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Waking From My ‘Coma’

  An Ex Drag Queen’s Dramatic Story of Salvation
By Trace McNutt

 Trace grew up in an emotionally abusive home. At a young age he experienced horrible rejection and humiliation from other boys. After high school, Trace found acceptance in the gay community and excitement through performing as a satanic drag queen. But soon, he became addicted to sex and drugs. His wild living led to HIV, AIDS, and eventually, cancer. Yet, one night, God awakened Trace from his “coma” and an amazing transformation began to take place.

This is his story.

Waking From My ‘Coma’
My name is Trace. Reflecting back on my life, it’s amazing that I’m still alive and have this chance to share my story.
I grew up in a dysfunctional family. My mother was dominant and abusive and my father was meek. They moved to Florida when I was young and I started to experience total rejection from other boys.
In fact, I was beaten and bullied every day by boys at school.
It was so bad, I had to be escorted around school for my protection. I was even urinated on. I had no idea why this was happening to me. At this time, I first heard the word “fag.” I began to live secluded in my room, listening to KISS records. I managed to get through school and came to terms with being gay.
The Fog

I soon embraced the gay world, but also met some Christians at work. They talked me into attending a 3-night revival at their church. I hated it, but on the last night something happened. It was as if a fog lifted and I saw the truth. That night I ran to the altar and accepted Jesus Christ as Lord.
Soon I moved in with a Christian family and started a Christian rock band.
Things were great for a little over a year. But then I fell in love with a male band member and our pastor made a sexual approach on me. I ran back into the arms of the world.

That’s when my life got really bad. I became addicted to sex … from restrooms and truck stops. Then I found cocaine and used every week.
I also desired to be on stage, so I created an alter ego named “Coma,” a satanic drag queen. This image took off and I was on TV and toured the country.
I still talked to the Lord. I never rejected him. I just wanted to do things my way … big mistake! I would attend churches here and there, but made no commitment. I got arrested for felony drug possession, both my parents died, my best friend died, and I found out I was HIV positive.
AIDS and Cancer

I continued with more drug use and more performing. I had become a star in the gay community. But with no family, I felt totally alone and very unhappy. I attempted suicide seven times. I ended up homeless. I lost everything. I was put in a group home and then found out I had full blown AIDS–and cancer.
I was able to get on disability and get my own tiny apartment. It seemed like God was restoring me. But, I started performing and using drugs again. I found a church called Calvary Chapel and attended a few times. Some people reached out to me, but I couldn’t let go of the world.
Then one night, I woke up at 3 a.m. and felt God saying, “Now. I want all of you, now. This is it.” I wrestled with the Lord all night and finally gave in. My transformation back to him had begun. It was as if I had truly been awakened from a coma. 
I stopped performing and started attending Calvary Chapel. The gay community, which once loved me, now hated me. I lost all of my friends and even received death threats.
The Lord started to reveal himself to me and I was very hungry and hurting. God did several miracles in my life as he became more and more real. My health improved. The cancer stopped growing and the AIDS is now undetectable in my blood. I have a beautiful apartment and a Christian family gave me a car. Our God is so awesome.
Bearing My Cross
I can’t say it’s been easy since I surrendered all. There are still temptations and I do spiritual warfare every day. I have decided to pick up my cross and follow him.
I have not looked back once to the life I once had. I really don’t miss it at all. The desire for drugs was completely removed from me.
Every believer has a story, and this is just the tip of my iceberg, but I want people to know this: No matter what you’ve done or how wicked you’ve been, Christ is there for you. I had to get to the point where he was all I wanted. I had to make the choice to lay it all down at the foot of the cross.
This testimony was posted in 2009. Trace passed away in February 2016.

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On the Physical Death of Jesus Christ

by William D. Edwards, MD; Wesley J. Gabel, MDiv; Floyd E. Hosmer, MS, AMI

Original printing on March 21, 1986

Jesus of Nazareth underwent Jewish and Roman trials, was flogged, an·d was sentenced to death by crucifixion. The scourging produced deep stripelike lacerations and appreciable blood loss, and it probably set the stage for hypovolemic shock as evidenced by the fact that Jesus was too weakened to carry the crossbar (patibulum) to Golgotha. At the site of crucifixion his wrists were nailed to the patibulum, and after the patibulum was lifted onto the upright post, (stipes) his feet were nailed to the stipes. The major pathophysiologic effect of crucifixion was an interference with normal respirations. Accordingly, death resulted primarily from hypovolemic shock and exhaustion asphyxia. Jesus’ death was ensured by the thrust of a soldier’s spear into his side. Modern medical interpretation of the historical evidence indicates that Jesus was dead when taken down from the cross.
(JAMA 1986; 255:1455-1463)
This was a forensic determination of the facts as they were reported & annotated in the gospels. This should be of interest by anyone who is in doubt of Jesus’ death.
PDF download 

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Speaking Gracefully – One of the Great Joys of Leadership under the Authority of Christ

Thought y’all might like this!

Godspeed & Good Reads!

Doc Murf
By GLENN BROOKE on August 13, 2015 
Leaders must master their words as they respond to others – especially when people say and do things which infuriate us, frustrate us, or grieve us. People are messy, complicated, and can be ungrateful, unthinking, and hurtful.
We’re imperfect and called to lead imperfect people. Leaders are also held to a high standard.
You’re probably familiar with James 1:19-20, and we also read in Proverbs:
There is one whose rash words are like sword thrusts, but the tongue of the wise brings healing. (Proverbs 12:18)

And in Ephesians we read:
Let each one of your speak the truth with his neighbor, for we are members one of another. Be angry and do not sin… Let no corrupting talk come out of your mouths, but on such as is good for building up, as fits the occasion, that it may give grace to those who hear. (Ephesians 4:25-26, 29)

Restraining your words is hard work because we have so many immature thoughts and voices in our head.

I think the people who say they have an inner voice are fortunate, because I have whole committees with subcommittees at work – and half of them are whiners.
For example, here are some things I’ve thought about saying (but fortunately didn’t) just in the past few months:
“Do you hear yourself when you talk? In a different setting this would be entertaining.”

 “Are you saying this because you want to get fired?”

“You’re a hypocrite.”

“I think you prefer telling yourself that lie because the truth is too painful to acknowledge. Am I right?”

“If you could see things in the bigger picture you’d realize you’re arguing about a small matter and wasting my time.”

“Back away, little man, before you regret starting this conversation.”

“Are you asking a question or just filling the air with a rant?”

“I’m really, really tired.”

 “I’m really not sure how you got promoted to this level.”

“Why is this my problem now?”

“Thanks for the insincere praise. Now, what do you want?”

“You have no idea what you’re talking about.”

“I have no idea what you’re talking about.”

“I don’t care.”

I’m sharing these so that you know you’re not the only one who battles against immature, unhelpful thoughts, and because when we write these out they lose this potency. We’ll defeat them more easily next time.

Leaders should look to the remarkable example of Jesus interacting with difficult people.
Consider this example of Jesus in conversation with some Jewish religious leaders. Ask yourself as you read this, “What is Jesus NOT doing?”
“Whoever is of God hears the words of God. The reason why you do not hear them is that you are not of God.” The Jews answered him, “Are we not right in saying that you are a Samaritan and have a demon?”


Jesus answered, “I do not have a demon, but I honor my Father, and you dishonor me. Yet I do not seek my own glory; there is One who seeks it, and he is the judge. Truly, truly, I say to you, if anyone keeps my word, he will never see death.”


The Jews said to him, “Now we know that you have a demon! Abraham died, as did the prophets, yet you say, ‘If anyone keeps my word, he will never taste death.’ Are you greater than our father Abraham, who died? And the prophets died! Who do you make yourself out to be?”


Jesus answered, “If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my Father who glorifies me, of whom you say, ‘He is our God.’ But you have not known him. I know him. If I were to say that I do not know him, I would be a liar like you, but I do know him and I keep his word. Your father Abraham rejoiced that he would see my day. He saw it and was glad.”


So the Jews said to him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?” Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I am.” So they picked up stones to throw at him, but Jesus hid himself and went out of the temple. (John 8:47-59, ESV)

Jesus exhibits extraordinary love here, even as he tells people the truth and tries to get them to see reality. He responds evenly and calmly, while the Jewish leaders are clearly enraged at him.
How hazardous to your health is it to insult the Lord of Lords by telling him he’s a Samaritan and has a demon?
After all, if we believe what Paul says about Jesus, “in Him all things hold together” (Colossians 1:17), then Jesus could have simply stopped holding their molecules together and poof! – the people who insulted him are no more.
But in love Jesus responds with what people need to hear, rather than what they deserve to experience. Your leadership conversation should be the same.

You can also look at times when Jesus did speak forcefully with people. For example:
“But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and neglect justice and the love of God. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others. Woe to you Pharisees! For you love the best seat in the synagogues and greetings in the marketplaces. Woe to you! For you are like unmarked graves, and people walk over them without knowing it.”


One of the lawyers answered him, “Teacher, in saying these things you insult us also.”


And he said, “Woe to you lawyers also! For you load people with burdens hard to bear, and you yourselves do not touch the burdens with one of your fingers. Woe to you! For you build the tombs of the prophets whom your fathers killed. So you are witnesses and you consent to the deeds of your fathers, for they killed them, and you build their tombs.


Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, ‘I will send them prophets and apostles, some of whom they will kill and persecute,’ so that the blood of all the prophets, shed from the foundation of the world, may be charged against this generation, from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary. Yes, I tell you, it will be required of this generation. Woe to you lawyers! For you have taken away the key of knowledge. You did not enter yourselves, and you hindered those who were entering.” (Luke 11:42-52)

The pattern we see with Jesus throughout the Gospel accounts is that he doesn’t get angry with people who insult him, or flog him, or crucify him.
He gets angry when people are interfering with other people’s ability to be in right relationship with God. Plus, he manages that anger without sin.
Jesus told us that we could follow his example (John 14:12) with the power of the Spirit. Pray earnestly for help that your words as a leader will edify, build-up, express love, and not sin.
When you notice that you didn’t respond to people the way they may have deserved, give God the credit and be grateful that he is transforming you more and more into the likeness of Jesus Christ. (see 2 Thessalonians 1:3)
This is one of the great joys of leadership under the authority of Christ as our Lord, Savior, Master, and Friend.
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Sorry for the long delay…

Sorry for the long delay, but have become enamored with a couple of sites you may find interesting with excellent article.

First, Answers in Genesis is an apologetics (i.e., Christianity-defending) ministry, dedicated to enabling Christians to defend their faith and to proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ effectively. We focus particularly on providing answers to questions surrounding the book of Genesis, as it is the most-attacked book of the Bible. We also desire to train others to develop a biblical worldview, and seek to expose the bankruptcy of evolutionary ideas, and its bedfellow, a “millions of years old” earth (and even older universe).

AiG teaches that “facts” don’t speak for themselves, but must be interpreted. That is, there aren’t separate sets of “evidences” for evolution and creation—we all deal with the same evidence (we all live on the same earth, have the same fossils, observe the same animals, etc.). The difference lies in how we interpret what we study. The Bible—the “history book of the universe”—provides a reliable, eye-witness account of the beginning of all things, and can be trusted to tell the truth in all areas it touches on. Therefore, we are able to use it to help us make sense of this present world. When properly understood, the “evidence” confirms the biblical account.

For an elaboration of AiG’s presuppositional thrust check out our Answers section—for example, learn how the Bible offers the best explanation of the world’s geology, astronomy, and genetics. Also, for information on the issues we deal with and which ones we don’t, see “Where Do We Draw the Line?

Please visit our ministry news page for the latest updates about the Creation Museum, the Ark Encounter, and our overall ministry.


Second, the Christian Research Institute exists to provide Christians worldwide with carefully researched information and well-reasoned answers that encourage them in their faith and equip them to intelligently represent it to people influenced by ideas and teachings that assault or undermine orthodox, biblical Christianity. In carrying out this mission, CRI’s strategy is expressed by the acronym E-Q-U-I-P:


The “E” in EQUIP represents the word essentials. CRI is committed to the maxim: “In essentials unity, in nonessentials liberty, and in all things charity.”


The “Q” in the acronym EQUIP represents the word questions. In addition to focusing on essentials, CRI answers people’s questions regarding cults, culture, and Christianity.


The “U” in the word EQUIP represents the word user-friendly. As much as possible, CRI is committed to taking complex issues and making them understandable and accessible to the lay Christian.


This brings us to the “I” in EQUIP, which stands for integrity. Recall Paul’s admonition: “Watch your life and doctrine closely. Persevere in them, because if you do, you will save both yourself and your hearers.”


Finally, the “P” in the acronym EQUIP represents the word para-church. CRI is deeply committed to the local church as the God-ordained vehicle for equipping, evangelism, and education.


Third, Risen Jesus is a Christian Apologetic site with great resources to either read, listen to, or watch.  I first heard an interview with Mike Licona, PhD, by Scott M. Sullivan, PhD..I find both characters and interesting people with much to teach us about Christian apologetics.  You may just find his article I’m a Doubting Thomas!  It seems to be very true that we all doubt at times and our kids will have the same problem IF we do not prepare them and help them grow in their faith.  Meaning that we have to help them to come to the conclusion on their own based upon their own studies and research.

Godspeed, Good Reads, & Happy Viewing!

Doc Murf

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Will America Inevitably “Awake” to Its Need for Religion?

By Matthew Murphy

July 31, 2015 0 Comments
The religious landscape in America has been statistically shown to be changing. The Pew Forum reports that from the years 2007 to 2014, the Christian share of the population decreased by nearly 8 percent. In addition to these stats, it’s not hard to see materialist trends alive and well. You need only observe any mall on Black Friday.
Maybe you’re wishing for the next “great awakening,” in which Americans flock back to the church and begin to pursue the Christian life. This notion of a Great Awakening is directly related to periods in history in which people, by the thousands, returned to the church after a period of secularization. Though many might think this trend is impossible, I would argue that the next Great Awakening is more than just a possibility. It’s a reality to come.
Let me explain.
Alexis de Tocqueville came to America to study the American prison system, but the trip inspired his magnum opus, Democracy in America (maybe you have read it). In this massive work, Tocqueville comments upon various aspects of American society in hopes of understanding the nature of democracy.
In this book you will find a plethora of rich ideas about American democracy, but the one I find particularly interesting is Tocqueville’s commentary on the democratic soul.
Tocqueville takes the human soul seriously. Whereas Jean-Jaques Rousseau believes the human soul to be a historical accident of sorts, Tocqueville argues that “Man did not give himself the taste for the infinite and the love of what is immortal. These sublime instincts are not born of a caprice in his will: they have their immovable foundations in nature…” (Democracy in America, 510).
Though he does not say it directly, I believe Tocqueville is arguing for the natural presence of the soul in man.
But, if you read the quote again, you can also see that Tocqueville makes another metaphysical claim. He implies that the human soul is not content with the objects of the material world and has a “taste for the infinite and the love of what is immortal.” This obviously raises a number of implications.
According to Tocqueville, “the soul has needs that must be satisfied” and these needs cannot be satisfied by the material world. The simplest way to achieve consolation and satisfaction for the soul is religion, which connects us with God.
This hunger, on a mass scale, would inevitably lead to a third Great Awakening as more and more people seek healing for their souls via religion. It could, however, reflect the vague “spirituality” of the 1960s, so I can only urge the church be prepared and knowledgeable, ready to offer people the ailment to their hurting souls in a way that is lasting and good for the whole of society. For if the church misses this opportunity, there could be nothing short of drastic results.

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God’s Not Dead Revisited

by Roger Patterson on August 5, 2014​


In a previous review of the movie God’s Not Dead, I claimed that the film used the big bang and biological evolution to support the existence of God. As a film that is explicitly Christian, this is problematic. As a result of the first review, many AiG supporters raised concerns about the critical nature of the article. I do not offer this second article as a defense of my own character, but to offer an example of thinking carefully about the messages we receive today through various forms of media—even if they have some truth in them. We are called to take every thought captive to the obedience of Christ (2 Corinthians 10:5). I pray that this article will reflect a critical mind in testing all things and holding fast what is true without reflecting a critical spirit.
As I stated in the initial review, “As with lots of movies, an astute and mature Christian can use this film as a teaching opportunity by opening up the pages of Scripture with those who have seen it to explain the real origin of suffering in the world as well as the real hope of salvation by repenting of sin and trusting fully in the Creator God—Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ is not dead: He is risen and seated at the right hand of the Father. Let us boldly proclaim that He is the Judge of the living and the dead rather than putting ourselves in His rightful place.”
As this article is being posted, the God’s Not Dead DVD is being made available to the public, and promotional kits including sermon outlines, a DVD-based study curriculum, study guides for adults and students, and other promotional resources are being sold to churches. While these resources will surely contain many biblical explanations and encouragements to stand strong in the faith and proclaim the truths of salvation to all, there will likely be elements that are unbiblical and promote various forms of evolutionary ideas as compatible with the Bible.1 This article is intended to help you think critically about those aspects, whether or not you choose to use these resources with the movie.
Receiving Correction

I acknowledge that I could have done one thing better in my initial review: I could have acknowledged the helpful elements of the film in a way that was more approving of those aspects without endorsing the negative aspects. After receiving many negative comments through social media and emails regarding the article, I thought it would be wise to view the movie again to consider the concerns raised by the commenters. Some of those comments fell far outside the prescription of Ephesians 4:29 and several likened me to a pawn of Satan getting people to not watch the movie. After watching the film again with another trusted brother from the ministry and transcribing the sections of the film that dealt with the scientific and moral arguments, I stand by my original review without hesitation and with only one caveat….[READ MORE]

I loved the movie and found it very compelling, but we always tend to delve into the problems of any movie we love. To pick it apart, so-to-say.

Godspeed & Good Reads!

Doc Murf

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Can We Trust the Bible?

Original article

Director of The Always Be Ready Apologetics Ministry
© Copyright 2000–2014

Author of Scrolls and Stones: Compelling Evidence
the Bible Can Be Trusted

The Bible is unarguably an incredible book. It is the best-selling, most quoted, most published, most circulated, most translated, most influential book in the history of mankind. [1] There is no close second.

How can we know that the Bible isn’t just an ancient book of fiction, folklore, or cleverly devised tales invented by deceitful men?
Haven’t the contents of the Bible been tampered with down through the centuries?
Isn’t the Bible out-of-sync with scientific discoveries?
What makes the Bible any different than other religious books like the Quran or the Book of Mormon?
Those are questions that intelligent, critical thinking people are asking today and those are questions they have a right to ask. I think they should be asking those questions. Those are questions I used to ask (you can read my story here). And God’s heart for His people is that we be able to provide answers to people (e.g., 1 Peter 3:15, Jude 1:3). Copyrighted material. Do not copy and paste online.

So, in this article I’m going to lay out a broad, but somewhat concise overview of ten different lines of evidence that I think demonstrate (when considered in their totality) that the Bible is indeed what it claims to be: the trustworthy Word of God—written by men yes—but men who were guided by God as they penned the words they penned (2 Peter 1:21, 2 Timothy 3:16).

The first line of evidence for the Bible is…


Fulfilled prophecy is something that sets the Bible apart from every other religious book. And the Bible does have some competition today. There are 26 other religious books that people of faith believe are divinely inspired (the Hindu Vedas, the Quran, the Book of Mormon, etc.). Of these twenty-six books, none of them contain any specific, fulfilled prophecies. None.

In stark contrast to these other writings, the Bible is literally filled with hundreds of specific, detailed prophecies that were written hundreds of years before their fulfillment. In fact 27% of the Bible contains what was predictive prophecy at the time that it was written. And the authors of the Bible did not just predict some vague things like Nostradamus or Jeane Dixon (who have proven to have been false prophets over and over again), they were very specific. Consider a few of the Old Testament prophecies made regarding the Messiah (the Savior that God promised He would send into the world) hundreds of years before they were fulfilled.

For example, the Old Testament prophesied that He would be born of the seed of Abraham (Gen. 12:1-3, 22:18), of the tribe of Judah (Gen 49:10), and in the lineage of David (2 Samuel 7:12f). Micah 5:2 said that He would be born in Bethlehem, that He’d come while the temple was still standing (Malachi 3:1), that He would be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14), that He would open the eyes of the blind, unstop the ears of the deaf, and cause the lame to walk (Isaiah 35:5-6), that He’d be rejected by His own people (Psalm 118:22; 1 Peter 2:7). The Scriptures foretold the precise time in history when He would die (Daniel 9:24-26), how He would die (Psalm 22:16-18, Isaiah 53; Zechariah 12:10), and that He would rise from the dead (Psalm 16:10; Acts 2:27-32).

These are just a few of the prophecies related to the coming of the Messiah. And there are lots of other prophecies about the rise and fall of nations, the regathering of the Jewish people back into their homeland (something that’s being fulfilled right now). The fact that these prophecies and hundreds of others have been fulfilled, even though they were spoken hundreds and even thousands of years before their fulfillment is strong evidence that a God who is all-knowing and all-powerful orchestrated the Bible’s completion. No other religious writing is able to substantiate its claims with this kind of supernatural evidence.

SKEPTIC: “Hold on a second Charlie. Maybe the disciples just made up all of these things that Jesus supposedly did. Perhaps they read all of those prophecies in the Old Testament and decided to make up an elaborate story about Jesus fulfilling them!”

Ahh, that is a legitimate concern (that the disciples were just lying, just fabricating the whole story about Jesus). Well, I’m going to address that concern and show you why I don’t think they were lying later on in the study when we get to evidence number eight.

For further study on fulfilled prophecies, please see: Every Prophecy of the Bible by Dr. John Walvoord.


Many critics who brush off the Bible as a compilation of folklore and legends, do so overlooking the fact that thousands of archaeological discoveries over the past century have verified the truthfulness of the Bible.

Nelson Glueck, who appeared on the cover of Time magazine and who is considered one of the greatest archaeologists ever, wrote:

“No archeological discovery has ever controverted [overturned] a Biblical reference. Scores of archeological findings have been made which confirm in clear outline or in exact detail historical statements in the Bible. And, by the same token, proper evaluation of Biblical descriptions has often led to amazing discoveries.” [Nelson Glueck, Rivers in the Desert, p. 31.]

These are the words of a man who has been credited with uncovering more than fifteen hundred ancient sites in the Middle East. [“Archaeology: The Shards of History,” Time, December 13, 1963.]

James Mann of U. S. News and World Report said:

“A wave of archaeological discoveries is altering old ideas about the roots of Christianity and Judaism—and affirming that the Bible is more historically accurate than many scholars thought.” [James Mann, “New Finds Cast Fresh Light on the Bible,” U. S. News and World Report, August 24, 1981, 34.]

Dr. Clifford Wilson, the former Director of the Australian Institute of Archaeology, stated:

“It is remarkable that where confirmation is possible and has come to light, the Bible stands investigation in ways that are unique in all literature. Its superiority to attack, its capacity to withstand criticism, its amazing facility to be proved right after all, are all staggering by any standards of scholarship. Seemingly assured results “disproving” the Bible have a habit of backfiring. Over and over again the Bible has been vindicated.” [Clifford Wilson, Archaeology—the Bible and Christ, volume 17, (Victoria, Australia: Pacific Christian Ministries), no page number available. Cited in John Ankerberg and John Weldon, Handbook of Biblical Evidences (1997), 288–289]

Allow me to share a few examples of discoveries that have helped to shed light on the Bible’s reliability.


Until 1993, not a shred of evidence could be found anywhere outside the Bible that David, the king of Israel, ever existed and so it had become fashionable in some academic circles to dismiss the David stories as mere invention. The critics’ verdict was that David was “nothing more than a figure of religious and political mythology.” [Jeffrey Sheler, Is the Bible True? (1999), 95–96]

Well, their skepticism regarding David collapsed overnight in 1993 when a nearly 3000-year-old inscription was unearthed in Israel mentioning David the king of Israel. This was a tremendous discovery and helped to verify for the first time outside the Bible that David was an actual historical figure. In light of this discovery, Time magazine stated:

“The skeptics’ claim that King David never existed is now hard to defend.” [Michael D. Lemonick, “Are the Bible’s Stories True? Archaeology’s Evidence,” Time magazine, December 18, 1995]

Indeed it is.


Another fascinating discovery concerns Pontius Pilate. The New Testament authors tell us he was the Roman governor of Judea at the time of Jesus who oversaw His trial and then sentenced Him to death by crucifixion (Matthew 27:2; Luke 3:1). Was Pilate a legendary figure? No.

In 1961, a team of Italian archaeologists was digging in Caesarea, on the shore of the beautiful Mediterranean Sea in Israel. While clearing away the sand and overgrowth from the jumbled ruins of a Roman theater, these archaeologists made an astonishing find. They uncovered a limestone block that bore an inscription in Latin dating to the early part of the first century that mentioned “Pontius Pilate, Prefect of Judea.” This inscription verifies that Pontius Pilate was an actual historical person, that he reigned in the very position ascribed to him by the Gospels, and as prefect he would have had the authority to condemn or pardon Jesus, just as the Gospel accounts report.


Another discovery helped to verify the reality of crucifixion in Israel in the first century. According to the Bible, Jesus’s hands or wrists were nailed to the cross (John 20:25). But at one time, critics said crucifixions with nails never took place in Israel in the first century. No evidence of any crucified victim had ever been uncovered in Israel—so skeptics and scholars dismissed the Gospels’ accounts as either imagined or inaccurate. Well, critics of the Bible were shown to be wrong again in 1968. It was then that a crew of builders from the Israel Ministry of Housing working in Jerusalem accidentally discovered an ancient Jewish cemetery that contained the remains of several men who were killed during the Jewish revolt against Rome in approximately AD 70. One of the bone ossuaries contained the skeleton of a young man and an inscription of the man’s name (Yohanan Ben Ha’galgol).

What stunned the archaeologists most though was how this man died. He was put to death by crucifixion with nails. How was that determined? He still had an iron spike driven through his heel bone. The Romans typically removed the nails from their victims—iron was expensive—but apparently this nail was too difficult to remove. The tip of the nail had been bent back toward the head, likely the result of hitting a knot in the wood. And so, the soldiers left it there. And now we have solid archaeological evidence that the Romans did crucify people in Israel, in the first century, with nails—just as the Bible said.

Other discoveries include:

• Ancient extrabiblical accounts of a catastrophic flood (Genesis 6–8)

• The palace of Sennacherib the king of Assyria (2 Chronicles 32:1f) and a wall relief depicting the Assyrian siege on Lachish (2 Kings 18:13–17; Isaiah 36:1–2)

• The ruins of Jericho (Joshua 6) along with evidence the city wall “fell down flat” (6:20) at the very time the Old Testament dates the crossing of the Hebrew people into Canaan (c. 1400 BC)

• Hezekiah’s tunnel (2 Kings 20:20) built to secretly channel water into the city of Jerusalem c. 700 BC

• The ancient ruins of Babylon (Book of Daniel), including the ruins of king Nebuchadnezzar’s palaces, temples, city walls, houses, inscriptions mentioning “Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon”

• The Babylonian Chronicle. These ancient historical records verify that the Babylonians invaded the land of Judah, besieged the city of Jerusalem, and took the Jews captive back to Babylon…just as the Bible said they did (2 Kings 24; Daniel 1).

• The “Pool of Siloam” (John 9:1–12) where Jesus sent the blind man with mud on his eyes to wash and receive healing

• The well called “Jacob’s Well” (John 4:6) where Jesus met the Samaritan woman

• The pool called “Bethesda” (John 5:2) where Jesus told the man who had been lame for 38 years to take up his bed and walk

• Herod’s palace (Mark 6:14–29) where John the Baptist was imprisoned and killed; the historian Josephus mentions this palace and John the Baptist’s imprisonment and murder there

• A bone ossuary mentioning Caiaphas the Jewish high priest (Matthew 26:3) who presided over Jesus’s late night trial (Matthew 26:57–68)

• The synagogue in Capernaum (Mark 1:21) on the north shore of the Sea of Galilee where Jesus often taught

• Mosaic tile floor of an early Christian church in Megiddo, Israel, that says the church was built in the memory of “the God Jesus Christ”—evidence the early Christians believed Jesus was God

My book, Archaeological Evidence for the Bible, discusses these and many other discoveries in greater detail (along with full citations/footnotes).

Archaeology has not proven so helpful for other religious writings. Consider the Book of Mormon.

“Not one piece of evidence has ever been found to support the Book of Mormon — not a trace of the large cities it names, no ruins, no coins, no letters or documents or monuments, nothing in writing. Not even one of the rivers or mountains or any of the topography it mentions has ever been identified.” [Dave Hunt, p.156, In Defense of the Faith; also see p. 107 in The Case for Christ, by Lee Strobel].

Nothing which demonstrates that the Book of Mormon is anything other than an early nineteenth century piece of American fiction, invented by Joseph Smith has ever been found. We address numerous other problems with the Book of Mormon here.


What do I mean when I speak of the Bible’s internal consistency? I am talking about the Bible’s internal harmony. From the first book of the Bible, Genesis, to the last book, Revelation, the Bible is absolutely consistent in what it teaches.

SKEPTIC: “Why is that an evidence of the Bible’s trustworthiness? There are plenty of books that are internally consistent.”

I agree. Back in the 1990s, I worked at a surfing magazine in Laguna Beach, California. And we put out an internally consistent magazine every month. Does that mean then that the authors of our different articles were writing down God-inspired Scripture? No. I can assure you of that!

SKEPTIC: “Well then, what makes the Bible any different than some other book or magazine that is internally consistent?”

Well, let me share with you a few reasons I think the internal harmony of the Bible is an amazing evidence of its divine origin.

A. The Bible addresses life’s most controversial questions.

At the surfing magazine, we wrote about who won the latest surfing contest, surf wax, sunscreen. Pretty trivial matters looking back on it all now. But these aren’t the type of matter the authors of the Bible wrote about. They weren’t writing about surf was and sunscreen. No. From beginning to end they tackled the big questions of life. Questions like:

• How did the universe come into existence?
• Does God exist? And if so, what is He like?
• Why does man exist?
• What is our purpose for being here?
• Why is there evil and suffering in the world?
• What happens to us after we die?

These are the big controversial questions of life. These are the kinds of questions that people tend to disagree about (ask your neighbors!) and yet these are the very questions the authors of the Bible tackle head on, chapter after chapter, book after book, and they do so absolutely consistently.

B. The Bible is a collection of 66 different documents.

It might be easy to have internal harmony if the Bible was a single book, but it’s not. It’s a compilation of more than five-dozen different books.

C. The Bible was written by approximately 40 different authors.

It would be easy to have internal harmony in the Quran. It contains the teachings of just one man—Muhammad, born about 570 years after Jesus. The Bible is completely different than the Quran in this regard; it contains the teachings, the writings, of approximately 40 different people.

D. Many of the Bible’s authors came from different educational and cultural backgrounds.

Peter was a fisherman. Paul was a scholar. Daniel was a prime minister. Asaph was a musician. Matthew was a tax collector. David was a shepherd, then a king. Luke was a historian and medical doctor.

E. The Bible was written over a period of approximately 1500+ years.

Many of the authors did not even know one another.

F. Many of the authors were separated by hundreds of miles geographically.

The Bible was written in a variety of places on three different continents: Africa, Asia and Europe. For example, Paul wrote four letters imprisoned in Rome. The apostle John, wrote while a prisoner banished to the Isle of Patmos in the Mediterranean Sea. The prophet Ezekiel wrote his work while held captive in Babylon.

G. The Bible was written in three different languages: Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek.

Now, I don’t know about you, but when I think of pulling together forty different people (spread out over fifteen centuries, on three different continents, who speak three different languages) and having them write sixty-six different documents regarding life’s most controversial questions—I’m thinking we are going to have some serious problems. That book is a going to be a confusing and difficult read!

Yet, in spite of all these factors, the Bible is a perfectly harmonious, consistent account of how God is seeking to reconcile sinners like you and me back into relationship with to Himself. This internal consistency is powerful evidence the authors of the Bible were being guided by the Holy Spirit when they wrote the different books of the Bible.



What am I talking about? I’m talking about the fact that there are dozens of writings that survive outside of the Bible (in the records of the Assyrians, Babylonians and Romans) that verify the historical accuracy of the Bible’s records of different persons, places, and events. External sources verify that 50 persons mentioned in the Old Testament and 30 persons written about in the New Testament were actual historical figures (see list of names and sources on p. 270 in I Don’t Have Enough Faith To Be An Atheist by Norman Geisler and Frank Turek). Because of engravings and statues, we even know what 18 (12 from the OT and 6 from the NT) of them looked like!

These extrabiblical writings have helped corroborate numerous details in the Bible, including details surrounding Jesus’ life. Now, some critics of Christianity today are telling people that Jesus Himself never existed, that He was the invention of some clever deceivers in the first century. This is absurd and only demonstrates their ignorance of the facts or willingness to overlook the facts. There actually is very good historical evidence outside of the Bible that Jesus lived.

There are more than 30 sources outside of the Bible, written within 150 years of Jesus’ life that attest to more than 100 facts regarding Jesus’ life, teachings, crucifixion, and resurrection. (See: The Historical Jesus: Ancient Evidence for the Life of Christ by Gary R. Habermas).

One of these external sources was the first century historian Flavius Josephus. In his writings Josephus mentions more than a dozen individuals talked about in the Bible, including: Herod the Great, Herod Antipas, Caiaphas, Pontius Pilate, John the Baptist, James “the brother of Jesus,” Felix, Festus, and even Jesus. Listen to one of Josephus’ statements about Jesus:

“At this time there was a wise man who was called Jesus. And his conduct was good, and (he) was known to be virtuous. And many people from among the Jews and the other nations became his disciples. Pilate condemned him to be crucified to die. And those who had become his disciples did not abandon his discipleship. They reported that he had appeared to them three days after his crucifixion and that he was alive…” (Antiquities of the Jews, 18:63-64, from a surviving manuscript in Arabic)

These are not the words of the Bible or a Christian, but a historian writing outside of the pages of Scripture. He verifies for us that Jesus actually lived and was even crucified under the reign of Pontius Pilate. Some of the other sources that mention Jesus include:

A. Cornelius Tacitus (ca. A.D. 55 –120) a Roman Historian
B. Gaius Suetonius (the chief secretary of Emperor Hadrian (A.D. 117 –138)
C. The Jewish Talmud (Sanhedrin 43A)

Other historical sources outside of the Bible corroborate details surrounding:

• The Flood
• Long life spans prior to the Flood
• Details surrounding the Exodus
• The Assyrian invasion of Israel
• Nebuchadnezzar’s invasion of Judah
• Cyrus’s freeing of Jews from Babylon
• John the Baptist’s murder
• The prolonged darkness on the day Jesus died
• Herod Agrippa’s sudden death after being hailed as a god

Friend, these are just a few examples—all written about outside the Bible. Critics of the Bible who brush off the Biblical accounts as mere legends or “ancient fiction” only reveal their ignorance of these discoveries. If you’d like to read more about these matters (with full citations/footnotes), please see my books: Archaeological Evidence for the Bible and Scrolls and Stones.


Of course many critics of the Bible would disagree that the Bible is scientifically accurate. They point to verses that say things like “the sun stood still” in Joshua 10:13 or John’s reference to “the four corners of the Earth” (Rev. 7:1). And they conclude that the Bible teaches that the Sun revolves around a flat, four-cornered Earth.

Well, they are overlooking the fact that the writers of the Bible were not writing a technical textbook on astronomy. They were describing things as they appeared to the eye (as was the case in Joshua 10) or employing normal figures of speech, as was the case with John’s reference to the “four corners of the Earth.”

And we, living in this scientifically advanced age, still do the same thing! We don’t wake up early in the morning, throw open the Eastern window and say, “What a beautiful Earth revolve!” No. We say, “What a beautiful sunrise!” Technically speaking, that is unscientific terminology. Meteorologists tell us on the nightly news what time the “sunset” will be. We don’t accuse them of being unscientific. They’re using simple, straightforward language to describe the way things appear.

When the apostle John referred to the “four corners of the Earth” in Revelation 7:1 he was using a figure of speech to describe the extremities of the land in the four cardinal directions: North, South, East and West. And we still use this figure of speech today. News agencies boast about how they have sent out their reporters to the four corners of the Earth to track down their stories.

So, keeping in mind that the writers of the Bible described things in simple terms as they appeared to the eye, and that they employed figures of speech (metaphors, personification and such) does away with many of the alleged scientific inaccuracies in the Bible.

Now, granted, Scripture is out-of-sync with some of the philosophies and theories some scientists hold to. The most obvious being atheistic naturalism and the theory of biological macro-evolution. If a scientist believes everything that exists came into being from nothing and by nothing and then evolved to its current state via a mindless series of unguided natural causes, then yes!—the Bible is out-of-sync with that. That goes without saying. But when it comes to known, testable, verifiable facts, the Bible has been found to be in perfect harmony with the way things really are, which is incredible when you think about it, because as you know the Bible was written two to four thousand years ago–long before the invention of microscopes, telescopes, satellites, and other technologies that have allowed us to investigate our Earth and the universe.

The fact that the Bible was written so long ago and yet does not contain any scientific errors, might be considered a miracle in itself. Why? Without exception, every ancient religious writing has certain unscientific views of astronomy, medicine, hygiene, and so on.

For example, the Hindu Vedas teach that the Earth is flat and triangular. They also teach that earthquakes are the result of elephants shaking their bodies underneath the ground.

The Qur’an 18:86 says that the Sun sets in a muddy spring. The Qur’an says, “when he reached the setting-place of the Sun, he found it setting in a muddy spring.” You could get away with an unscientific statement like that in certain parts of the world in the seventh century.

The Bible steers free of these kinds of errors. But not only that, it makes known amazing facts about our world and the universe thousands of years before scientists discovered that they were actually true. Allow me to share with you a few examples:

A. The Sun

In contrast to the Qur’an, the Bible teaches that the Sun is actually on a circuit through space. Writing of the Sun in Psalm 19:6, David said, “Its rising is from one end of heaven, and its circuit to the other end.” For many years critics scoffed at this verse, claiming that it taught that the Sun revolves around the Earth. Scientists at that time thought the Sun was stationary. However, it has been discovered in recent years that the Sun is in fact on a circuit through space, just like the Bible says.

B. The Shape of the Earth

Long before the Greeks figured out that the world was round, the ancient Egyptians, Babylonians and Chinese believed the world was flat. Amazingly, the Bible went against the grain and gave indications that the Earth was a sphere. In a book thought to be written about 2000 BC, Job 26:10 tells us that God “has inscribed a circle on the surface of the waters at the boundary of light and darkness.” That’s interesting. Stay with me on this. Job says God has drawn “a circle on the surface of the waters at the boundary of light and darkness.” This boundary between light and darkness is where evening and morning occur. Notice that the boundary is not a square or a triangle. It’s a circle. Why? Because the Earth is round. Another verse that speaks of the circular shape of the Earth is found in Isaiah 40:22, written about 700 BC: “It is He [God] who sits above the circle of the Earth.”

C. The Suspension of the Earth

Before Isaac Newton discovered gravity, Hindus believed that the Earth rested on the back of an elephant who stood on the back of a turtle that was swimming in a great endless sea. The Greeks believed that the mythical god Atlas carried the Earth on his shoulders. What did the Bible say? In one of the oldest books in the Bible, Job said in Job 26:7, “He [God] hangs the Earth on nothing.” Scientists did not discover that the Earth hangs on nothing until 1650.

D. The Stars

Before the invention of the telescope, people believed the stars could all be numbered. People were so confident of this, they drew up star charts, with all the stars named and numbered. The Greek astronomer and mathematician Hipparchus (190-120 B.C.) claimed there were 1,026 stars. The astronomer and mathematician Ptolemy (c. 85-A.D. 165) said there were 1,056 stars. The German astronomer Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) counted 1,006.

When Galileo (a devout Christian) pointed his telescope to the heavens in 1608, he discovered these previous counts were way off and that the Bible was actually right. What had the Bible said?

God said in Jeremiah 33:22, “The host of heaven [a reference to the stars] cannot be numbered, nor the sand of the sea measured.” God says, the stars cannot be numbered. In fact, trying to do so would be about as futile as trying to count the grains of sand floating around in the sea, obviously an impossible task. Jeremiah wrote that more than 2,000 years before Galileo made his discovery.

Today, with the help of powerful telescopes, astronomers tell us that the universe contains somewhere between 100 billion and a trillion galaxies containing anywhere between 100 billion and 10 trillion stars each. [Source: AP/Washington Times]

This all adds up to a lot of stars! Astronomers have to keep revising their estimates of how many stars have been discovered. A new study, published in the journal Nature, suggests there are a mind-blowing 300 sextillion stars. That is a 3 followed by 23 zeros, or take 3 trillion and multiply it by 100 billion. [Source: AP/Washington Times]

Surely the host of heaven cannot be numbered! (Jeremiah 33:22).

Now all of these statements in the Bible about the stars, the universe, and the Earth raise a question: How did the authors of the Bible know these kinds of things? Were they taking wild guesses?

I don’t think so. I think their perfect accuracy rules that out, especially when you consider the fact that there are dozens of statements like these in the Bible.

Well, the Bible tells us how they knew these things in 2 Peter 1:21. It says there that “Holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.” That is to say, God, who knows all there is to know about the universe He created, superintended (came along side) the writing of the Bible to make sure that what He wanted written, was written.

You can remember these first five evidences with the acronym F.A.C.E.S.

Scrolls Apologetics


Critics of the Bible like Bart Ehrman, Muslims, and Mormons commonly say the Bible has been translated and copied so many times down through the centuries we can’t trust what it says today—even if the Bible was once trustworthy. Well, as popular as this belief may be, it’s a mistaken one. And the manuscript evidence actually proves this to be the case.

What is a manuscript? A manuscript is any surviving hand-written copy of an ancient document that predates the invention of the printing press in 1455.

Today there survives more some 25,000 partial and complete, ancient handwritten manuscript copies of the New Testament, as well as thousands of copies of the Old Testament…many of them predating the time of Christ. Did you realize that? We have copies of the Old Testament that are older than the time of Jesus. Let me tell you how they were found (a fascinating story).

In 1947 a shepherd boy tending his father’s sheep in Qumran, north and to the west of the Dead Sea in Israel, made an amazing discovery while looking for a lost goat. There in Qumran, in a hillside cave that had laid untouched for nearly two thousand years, this twelve-year-old Muslim boy discovered a collection of large clay jars containing carefully wrapped leather manuscripts. What this boy stumbled upon was an ancient collection of handwritten copies of the Old Testament that dated as far back as the third century before Christ. This was truly an amazing discovery!

Archaeologists spent years searching the surrounding caves. By the time they were done, copies of every book of the Old Testament had been discovered (with the exception of Esther). In some cases there were multiple copies of the same book. For example, there were nineteen copies of the Book of Isaiah, twenty-five copies of Deuteronomy and thirty copies of the Psalms.

Now why do I mention the Dead Sea Scrolls? Because manuscripts like the Dead Sea Scrolls have allowed Biblical scholars and textual critics to go back and verify that the Bible we have today is the same Bible the early church had 2,000 years ago. And you can see these manuscripts on display at the British Museum, Cambridge University Library, Oxford University, the National Library at Paris, and Israel Museum.

Now, even if we did not have any manuscripts copies of the Bible, there is another way of verifying that we have accurate copies of the Bible, and that is by examining the writings of the church fathers. By church fathers I am referring to those leaders in the church, of the first three centuries A.D., following the original disciples. I’m talking about men like Justin Martyr, Eusebius, Tertullian, Polycarp. These men, in their writings and correspondence with one another, and in their letters to different churches, quote the Old and New Testament over and over again. In fact, the early church fathers quote the New Testament alone more than 86,000 times. And here is something most people don’t realize. Their writings survive to this day! You can go to right now and buy an encyclopedic size set of the writings of the church fathers and see with your own eyes their numerous quotations of both the Old and New Testaments.

There are enough quotations from the early church fathers that even if we did not have a single manuscript copy of the Bible, scholars could still reconstruct most of the New Testament today just from their writings [Norman Geisler and William Nix, General Introduction to the Bible, 430]. This shouldn’t come as a surprise to us. Isaiah 40:8 says, “The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God stands forever.” Jesus said in Matthew 24:35, “Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will not pass away.”

For more on the manuscript evidence, I recommend:
• Norman Geisler: From God to Us: How We Got the Bible
• F. F. Bruce: The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable?
• Walter C. Kaiser: The Old Testament Documents: Are They Reliable and Relevant?


What am I talking about? I’m speaking about the authors’ openness regarding their failures and sins. Unlike the authors of other religious writings, the authors of the Bible did not seek to cast themselves in good light or to elevate themselves at all.

Of course, this doesn’t prove that the Bible is true, but it does help strengthen our case that the Bible appears to be an honest work. Listen to some of the things we read about in the Bible. We read of…

• Noah getting drunk shortly after getting off the ark (Genesis 9:21)
• Abraham lying (on more than one occasion) about Sarah being his sister (Genesis 12:13, 20:2)
• Moses’s murder of a man in Egypt (Exodus 2:11–12), his outburst of anger in the wilderness, how he misrepresented God and as a result wasn’t allowed to enter into the Promised Land (Numbers 20:10-12). Who wrote the books of Exodus and Numbers where these matters are explained? Moses. He tells us about his failures in his own writings. These sound like the words of someone who was committed to communicating the truth.
• The nation of Israel rejecting God on numerous occasions to worship other false gods (e.g., the Book of Judges). Who gave us the Scriptures? The Jews. Is this the kind of thing they would make up?
• David’s adultery with Bathsheba and subsequent murder of her husband Uriah (2 Samuel 11)
• Jesus called Peter “Satan” (Mark 8:33)
• Peter denying that he knew Jesus, after promising he would never do such a thing (Matthew 26:72)
• Peter’s fear of being seen eating with Gentiles (Galatians 2:11-12)
• The disciples’ prideful argument over which one of them was the greatest (Luke 22:24)
• The disciples falling asleep when Jesus asked them to pray (Mark 14:32-41)
• The disciples running away to save their own necks when Jesus was arrested (Mark 14:50)…not to mention Peter cutting off the ear of the priest’s servant a short time earlier, swiftly drawing a rebuke from Jesus (John 18:10)
• Paul’s confession that he was “a wretched man” (Romans 7:24) and the “chief” of sinners (1 Timothy 1:15)
• Paul and Barnabas’s argument over Mark being allowed to travel with them (Acts 15:37-39)

I could go on. Question for you: Do these sound like the words of men who were lying?

Not at all. And if you add to this evidence the fact that these men imparted to the world the highest standards of conduct the world has ever seen, the case is only strengthened.


Now, earlier tonight the skeptic raised a legitimate concern when it came to the prophecies that Jesus fulfilled. He said, “Maybe the disciples just made up all of these things that Jesus supposedly did. Perhaps they read all of those prophecies in the Old Testament and decided to make up an elaborate story about Jesus fulfilling them!”

Well, in addition to their forthrightness about their sins and failures, there’s another reason why I don’t think the disciples were lying. Flavius Josephus, Eusebius, Tertullian, and other independent extrabiblical sources* record for us that many of Jesus’ earliest followers, including the apostles, suffered intense persecution and even death for their on-going belief and preaching that Jesus was Lord and was risen from the dead.

[*Hegesippus, Polycarp, Ignatius, Cornelius Tacitus, Dionysius, Clement of Alexandria, Clement of Rome, Origen. For a good overview of these sources and what they said regarding this matter, see Gary Habermas and Michael Licona, The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus, 56–62.]

We are told in these extrabiblical sources that:

• Matthew was slain with an axe in a city of Ethiopia
• Mark died in Alexandria, in Northern Egypt after having been cruelly dragged through the streets of that city.
• Luke was hung to death in Greece
• John was tortured and then banished to the island of Patmos (Rev. 1:9)
• James, the brother of John, was beheaded in Jerusalem (see Acts 12:2)
• James the Less (as he’s called in Mark 15:40) was thrown from a pinnacle of the temple and then stoned
• Philip was hung up against a pillar in Heiropolis and then stoned
• Bartholomew was flayed alive
• Andrew was bound to a cross and left to die
• Jude was shot to death with arrows
• Matthias (the apostle chosen to replace Judas) was first stoned, and then beheaded
• Barnabas was stoned to death
• Paul, after a variety of tortures and imprisonments, was beheaded in Rome
• Thomas was run through the body with a spear in southeast India
• Peter was crucified upside down in Rome

Question for you: Were these men lying? I find it hard to believe that men willing to die excruciatingly painful deaths for telling people about Jesus were just “making up a story Him.”

Of course, there are people who are willing to die today for something that they think is true. Muslim terrorists come to mind. But nobody willingly dies for something they know is a lie. And Jesus’ disciples were at a unique place in history. They lived in and around Jerusalem in the first century where Jesus was publicly crucified and buried in a tomb. So they were at a place historically to know for certain whether or not they had seen Jesus alive after His crucifixion or not. Muslim terrorists today are not in such a place. They die for something they think is true, something they hope is true. But if Muslims lived back in the seventh century at the time of Muhammad and knew for certain that he was not a prophet of God and that he never performed any miracles, etc. they would not be strapping explosives around their waists and blowing themselves up. Nobody willingly dies for something they know is a lie.

Jesus’ disciples sealed their testimonies with their own blood, in and around Jerusalem, all the way back in the first century…claiming all the way to the end that the long-awaited Messiah and Savior of the world lived among them, became a sacrifice for our sins, and that He rose from the dead.

That, to me, is compelling evidence that these men were telling the truth about Jesus.


The Bible claims to be living and powerful (Hebrews 4:12, Psalm 19:7-10). And that has indeed proven to be the case. No other book in the world has had the transforming effect upon lives and societies for good, than that of the Bible. Now, of course, this alone does not prove that the Bible is the Word of God, but I do think that this fits into the case I’ve been building.

God didn’t have the Bible written down to entertain us. The Bible was given to us so that we might know God, be reconciled to Him, and live our lives for Him in a way that is pleasing to Him. Do we see that happening in the lives of those who read it? Absolutely!

Wherever the gospel has gone and been received—from prisons to remote villages deep inside third world countries—it has had a transforming effect on people’s lives for good. Down through the centuries, its words have converted millions of unbelievers to faith in Jesus Christ as Lord. Millions of people (including myself!), who would testify that they were immoral, godless sinners, drowning in drug addictions, alcoholism, pornography, gambling and the like, have been transformed into godly men and women as they have studied and followed the teachings of the Bible. I have seen it over and over!

In addition to changing lives, the Bible has inspired people:

• to build countless hospitals and orphanages
• start many of the world’s greatest universities (Harvard, Yale, Princeton, were started by
Christians for Christian purposes)
• launch innumerable humanitarian efforts to the poor
• work for the equality of men and women and those of different skin colors
• investigate the world and universe scientifically
• further the development of great art and music
• abolish slavery (William Wilberforce, an evangelical Christian and member of the British
Parliament in the early 19th century, was the one largely responsible for the abolition of the slave trade).

Now, obviously a lot more could be said about all this. If you’d like to read about how the Bible has changed the world for good, I highly recommend the book What if the Bible Had Never Been Written? by D. James Kennedy and Jerry Newcombe. It is excellent!

The historian Philip Schaff summarized the enormous impact the Bible has had on people when he wrote this about Jesus:

“Jesus of Nazareth, without money and arms, conquered more millions than Alexander, Caesar, Mohammed, and Napoleon; without science and learning, He shed more light on things human and divine than all philosophers and scholars combined; without the eloquence of schools, He spoke such words of life as were never spoken before or since, and produced effects which lie beyond the reach of orator or poet; without writing a single line, He set more pens in motion, and furnished themes for more sermons, orations, discussions, learned volumes, works of art, and songs of praise than the whole army of great men of ancient and modern times.” (Schaff, The Person of Christ, p. 29)

Jesus’ words truly have made an enormous impact on the world.


Another reason that you can be sure that the Bible is trustworthy is because Jesus said it was! If there’s anyone we can trust regarding the Word of God, it’s the One who proved Himself to be the Son of God by fulfilling hundreds of Old Testament prophecies, living a sinless life, performing numerous miracles and His resurrection from the dead. And Jesus assured us that the Jewish Scriptures could be trusted: Jesus taught that the Scriptures were:

A. Without Error

In John 17:17, Jesus said in His prayer to His Father, “Thy word is [Full of contradictions? Errors? No.] truth.”

B. Historically Reliable

Jesus affirmed as historically true some of the most disputed passages of the Old Testament, including the story of Jonah in the great fish (Matt. 12:40), the destruction of the world by a flood in the days of Noah (Matt.24:37-39), and others (for more, see Dan Story, Defending Your Faith, p. 55-60 and Geisler, Systematic Theology, Vol. 1, p. 559).

C. Divinely Authoritative

When Jesus was in the wilderness being tempted by Satan (Matt. 4:1–11), He resisted this ungodly foe by quoting Scripture. Over and over again, Jesus responded to Satan and His other critics (the Pharisees, Sadducees, scribes) by pointing to Scripture, saying: “It is written…it is written…it is written” (Matt. 4:4-10). He did the same with His disciples (Matthew 26:31; Mark 14:21; Luke 24:46). Why? Because He believed Scripture is authoritative on all matters related to faith and practice.

D. Accurate Regarding Human Origins

For example, when it comes to the whole debate today over evolution versus creation, Jesus affirmed that the early chapters of Genesis were accurate when He said, “Have you not read, that He who created them from the beginning made them male and female…” (Matthew 19:4). Adam and Eve didn’t come on the scene after billions of years of mutations and evolution. No. God created them all the way back in the beginning—just like Moses reported in the Book of Genesis.

E. Infallible (Dependable, or Unbreakable)

In John 10:35 Jesus said, “The Scripture cannot be broken.”

You can build your life on the Word of God. You can stand upon God’s promises. The Word of God is not going to collapse underneath you.

F. Indestructible

In Matthew 5:18 Jesus said, “For truly I say to you, until heaven and Earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass away from the Law, until all is accomplished.”

If Jesus was a prophet of God, as even the Qur’an teaches (Surah 4:171), or even if He was a good teacher (as so many are willing to believe today), it would be wise for us to take His Word on the matter: the Bible is a historically reliable, divinely authoritative, dependable, error free, indestructible book!

SKEPTIC: “Come on, Charlie, you’re referring to the words of Jesus in the Bible to prove the Bible. That’s circular reasoning!”

It isn’t. As I pointed out earlier, the Bible is not a single book. It is a collection of 66 books written by numerous authors. So, to quote Jesus’ words recorded by Matthew, Mark, Luke, or John to help shed light on the reliability of something Moses or another author wrote in a different book is not circular reasoning at all. I’m quoting independent sources. Copyrighted material. Do not copy and paste online.

SKEPTIC: “Okay Charlie! But, Jesus was only talking about the Old Testament when He said those things. The New Testament had not been written.”

That’s right! Jesus did say those things about the Old Testament. But He also promised His disciples God’s aid (the Holy Spirit) to write the New Testament. On the eve of His crucifixion, Jesus told them, “The Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you” (John 14:26). A short time later that same evening, Jesus told His disciples in John 16:13, “However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come.”

As these men went out into the world to tell people about Jesus (Matthew 28:18–20), whether by preaching and teaching, or penning the Gospels and epistles, they were going to have the supernatural guidance of the Holy Spirit to guide them. Jesus assured them of that.

So, Jesus validated the trustworthiness of the Old Testament and He promised the trustworthiness of the New. Based on Jesus’ testimony, you can trust both.


Friend, you can trust the Bible! You can read it with confidence! You can stand upon its promises! You can draw comfort from its passages. You can gain wisdom from its pages and best of all, you can know your creator by reading it. What a joy it is to know God and to live for Him!

Do you know the God of the Bible? Do you know your creator? Are you experiencing the joy of walking with God? Are you experiencing the peace that comes with knowing your sins have been forgiven and that all is right between you and God? You can.

That is why Jesus, God in the flesh, suffered on that cruel wooden cross two thousand years ago. He was paying the penalty for your sins so that you could be forgiven, so that you could escape eternity in Hell and be brought back into a right relationship with your creator. He rose from the grave three days later, ascended into Heaven and today He is offering all of mankind—you!—the complete forgiveness of sins and everlasting life to all who will place their faith in Him. Have you done that? Is Jesus Christ your Lord?

The Bible says that one day you will stand before God to give an account for your life. If you have never placed your faith in Jesus Christ, the Bible says that books will be opened that contain a thorough record of all the sinful things you have ever done, the lies you told, the things you stole, the immoral behavior, even those things you thought you got away with in secret, the things you thought no one else found out about (Matthew 12:36, Revelation 20:12).

Your guilty standing before God will result in your judgment, condemnation and separation from God for all eternity (Romans 2:5; Revelation 20:11–15).

Is that what you want—an eternity of misery apart from God—the very source of love, hope, peace, joy and all that is good? If you are like most people I have met, the answer is no. You want to go to Heaven. And there is a good chance you think you are going to Heaven. Most people believe they are. They think they are going to Heaven because they are basically good people. Maybe you think that. And you may be a good person if you compare yourself to a murderer or the drug lord locked up in the state penitentiary. But how you measure up against other people does nothing to affect your standing before a holy, sinless, just God. How you compare to others does nothing to undo the thousands of sins you have committed over the course of your lifetime.

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